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Late Pleistocene rodents:

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Geological Setting

Methods, Measurements and Abbreviations

Rodent Paleontology





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Late Pleistocene sediments in Meade County have occasionally been referred to formations named for sediments of this approximate age in Clark County (e.g., Kingsdown, Vanhem; Hibbard and Taylor 1960), but we doubt this nomenclature can be extended to Meade County and currently view such accumulations as localized basin-fill deposits (Martin et al. 2000). The Golliher quarries are located along about 20 m of a partly exposed bank on the north side of Sand Creek, Meade County, on the property of Dave and Kathy Golliher.

Measured section along Sand Creek at Golliher quarries in NW NE SW, Sec. 3, T. 33 S, R. 27 W, Meade County, Kansas. Measured by J. Honey, P. Peláez-Campomanes and R. Martin.


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Thickness (m)

6. Very fine-grained sandy silt, pale yellowish brown (10YR 6/2; GSA rock color chart); lightly blocky and crumbly, contains rare quartz pebbles, some scattered white CaCO3 mottling at base of roots. Grades upward into 13 cm of modern soil


5. Light gray (N7) massive clayey silt, granular, crumbly; CaCO3 mottling at base of roots; scattered molluscs; sediments with dark yellowish-orange scattered mottling


4. Granular, crumbly brownish black (5 YR 2/1) clayey silt; scattered small CaCO3 nodules; blocky, soil-like with scattered molluscs


3B. Light olive-gray (5Y 5/2) silty clay, granular; crumbly. Scattered molluscs. Bone common. Source of Golliher B local fauna and radiocarbon date of 12,510 ± 80 years B.P


3A. Very fine-grained pale olive (10Y 6/2) sandy clay fining upwards into unit above; massive vertical structure with scattered molluscs and root traces


2. Dark yellowish gray (5Y 7/2) to light olive-gray (5Y 5/2) fine-grained silty sands, clayey, massive; with floating quartz pebbles, and small CaCO3 nodules in lowest 11 cm. Yellowish-orange mottling common. Root races and molluscs common. Source of Miller's mollusc assemblage and radiocarbon date of 16,100 ± 250 years B.P


Irregular contact


1. Dark yellowish-orange (10 YR 6/6) unconsolidated sand and gravel.

Not measured.


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Late Pleistocene rodents
Plain-Language & Multilingual  Abstracts | Abstract | Introduction | Geological Setting
Methods, Measurements, and Abbreviations
Rodent Paleontology | DiscussionAcknowledgments | References
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